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Liver Cirrhosis

Liver Cirrhosis

April 14, 2020

Introduction

Liver cirrhosis, if not treated, may lead to life-threatening consequences. The conditions are caused due to the development of scar tissues inside the liver impacting liver efficiency. It the patient is suffering from advanced liver cirrhosis and liver transplant is the only option, he should consult with the best surgeon for liver transplant in Delhi.

What Is Cirrhosis?

Liver cirrhosis is the terminal stage of liver disease. It is preceded by liver fibrosis. The progression of liver disease to cirrhosis initiates with fatty liver disease, goes through the fibrosis phase, and ends up in cirrhosis.

The liver is a self-healing organ. When the liver gets damaged, it heals itself. However, during this process, scar tissues are formed. Thus, during cirrhosis, a large amount of scar tissue develops and the functioning of the liver gets reduced. In most cases, the damage due to cirrhosis cannot be reversed. However, through early diagnosis, the progression of this disease can be delayed or stopped.

What Are The Primary Causes Of Cirrhosis?

Following are some of the primary causes of liver cirrhosis:

Alcoholism: Chronic alcoholism is one of the primary causes of liver cirrhosis. Almost 20% to 50% of cases of liver cirrhosis may be attributed to alcoholic liver disease. 

Viral infections: Viral infections also cause liver cirrhosis. Chronic Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C infections may lead to liver cirrhosis. Hepatotropic viruses cause inflammation and damage the liver.

Autoimmune disorders: Various autoimmune disorders such as autoimmune hepatitis may lead to liver cirrhosis.

Other causes: Other causes of liver cirrhosis include Wilson’s disease, biliary atresia, primary biliary cirrhosis, and certain medications such as methotrexate.

What Are The Common Symptoms Of Cirrhosis?

There is a myth that liver cirrhosis is a temporary condition like fatty liver disease. The truth is that it results in permanent damage to a part of the liver. Following are the common symptoms of liver cirrhosis:

  • Edema in feet, ankles, and legs.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Jaundice
  • Itching on skin

What Are The Early Signs Of Cirrhosis?

The patient should never ignore the early sign of liver cirrhosis. Although, the early signs of liver disease may overlap with other conditions accurate diagnosis should be done through consulting with a specialist. If the liver disease is diagnosed at an early stage, the damage can be reversed through medications or by avoiding alcohol. A biopsy of the liver can be done to determine the extent of liver damage. The laboratory tests used to evaluate liver health include:

  • Blood tests for viral infection
  • MRI
  • CT scan
  • Transient elastography

When To Consult Liver Expert?

As soon as you experience the initial symptoms of liver dysfunction, you should contact the liver specialist. The liver cirrhosis is a condition that should not be taken lightly. The treatment regimen should be strictly followed under the regular monitoring of an expert. Liver cirrhosis should be prevented to progress to an advanced stage as this may lead to life-threatening consequences.

Liver Transplant In Liver Cirrhosis

Liver transplant is considered in those patients where the medications and alcohol avoidance fails to provide enough relief to the patient. Liver transplant is required in cases when the liver has damaged to such an extent that it no longer functions properly and the damage cannot be reversed. A liver transplant may give new life to such patients.

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Liver Cirrhosis