Liver transplant surgery in India is on the rise. Every year, many liver transplant surgeries are done in Indian and foreign patients. India is rising as a hub for vital surgeries inducing liver transplant surgeries because of advanced technology and infrastructure, abroad-trained surgeons, and cost-effectiveness with a high success rate.
Liver Transplant Surgery In India
Legal regularization of organ transplantation began in India in 1994 when the Human Organ Transplantation Act was passed. The first deceased donor liver transplant was performed in India in the year 1995. Unfortunately, the surgery was unsuccessful. The first successful deceased liver transplant surgery was done in the year 1998. Soon after, in late 1998, India achieved another milestone by successfully performing liver donor liver transplant surgery.
The number of surgeries related to liver transplant is progressively increasing year on year. This can be indicated by the fact that alone in 2014, there were approximately 1200 liver transplant surgeries performed in India. This is because of increased infrastructure by the hospitals and training of Indian doctors in various parts of the world such as Japan, Hong Kong, and Korea.
Human Organ Transplantation Act allows the deceased donor liver transplant to foreigners only when there is no suitable Indian recipient which is highly unlikely. Thus, only the Living donor liver transplant surgery is available in India for foreigners. The foreigners coming to India should have a relative who can donate the liver.
Advantages Of Liver Transplant Surgery In India
The liver transplant surgery in India, both in Indian nationals and foreigners, has increased in recent years. This rise in the greater number of surgeries in India is because of the advantages offered by the Indian healthcare system to foreigners. These advantages include:
Liver Transplant Cost: Cost is one of the primary factors that have fueled the medical tourism industry in India. Most of the vital surgeries in India, including liver transplant surgery in India is done at a significantly lower cost as compared to countries such as the USA and UK. Hospitals in India are performing liver transplant surgeries in half the rates as compared to cost in developed countries.
High success rate: Although the cost of transplant surgery is on a lower side, there is no compromise with the quality of healthcare services provided to the patient. The success rate of liver transplant surgery is at par with the surgeries done in developed countries.
Experienced surgeons: The first liver transplant surgery in India was done in 1995. From then to now, much has been changed in context to the expertise and experience of the transplant surgeons. The surgeons of India have undergone training at the best liver transplant centers of the world under the best doctors.
Huge infrastructure: The hospitals are now investing a lot in upgrading infrastructure and technology. Today, most of the surgeries are carried out through advanced technology. These technologies have the advantage of minimum complications and less time for recovery.
Excellent post-surgical care: The care provided by the medical and paramedical staff are of world-class. The international protocols are followed while monitoring vital parameters of the patient and the functioning of the new liver. Advanced management strategies are followed by post-liver transplant surgery.
Friendly environment: The environment in India is friendly and welcoming for medical tourists. The hospital staff is generous to patients and provide complete information in detail to the patients and their attendants.
No or very less waiting period: The patients come to India with a planned schedule in their hand so the patient may have no or small waiting period.
Smooth visa process: To attract more and more medical tourists, the Government of India had made significant changes in the Visa policy for medical tourists. It allows the smooth processing of visa applications.
Donor For Liver Transplant
Foreign patients, coming to India for liver transplantation are advised to bring a living donor. The donor should fulfill the following criteria:
- The donor should be between the age of 18 years and 55 years.
- The donor should be the close relative of the recipient.
- The donor and recipient should be compatible.
- The Donor should be healthy to donate a liver.
- The donor should consent to donate the liver.
Success Rate Of Liver Transplant Surgery In India
Because of advanced technology used, experienced surgeons and high-quality post-operative care, liver transplant surgery have a high success rate in India. Various factors affect the success of liver transplant surgery. These include underlying medical diseases, age, follow-up care, and care at home.