The liver is the 2nd largest and one of the most important organs, as it helps in the conversion of food into energy, helps the body fight infections and filters the blood by removing harmful substances.
Causes of Hepatic Failure
Fulminant hepatic failure or acute hepatic failure may happen due to many reasons, however, Acetaminophen, an OTC drug is one of the most common cause.
Acute liver failure can also be caused due to the following factors:
- Viral infections like Hepatitis A, B and C
- Some auto-immune diseases
- Presence of toxins in the blood
- Some prescription medicines
- certain herbal supplements
- genetic factors
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Liver cirrhosis
There are a few symptoms that may indicate liver failure. They are:
- Fluid retention in the abdomen or ascitis
- Fluid retention in the lower extremities leading to Oedema
- Appetite loss
- Weight loss
- Bleeding easily even on minor bruises
It is difficult to come to a conclusion without further specific tests, as these symptoms are also common with few other body ailments. in some cases, where the symptoms show only towards the end stage of the liver disease, the patient may be disoriented, drowsy or in coma.
Diagnosis and Treatment of liver damage
You should seek the help of a medical professional if you experience any one or multiple symptoms and have a family history of liver disease or are an alcoholic.
The doctor prescribes blood tests for several parameters to help him identify any aberration that may indicate liver faliure.
Depending on the stage of the liver disease, your doctor may decide the appropriate course of action. In case of partial liver damage, surgical removal may be recommended if medications do not work.
An imaging test shows the extent of damage caused to the liver. If it is severe, then a liver transplant may be necessary.